Xinhui Bi a,*, Guohua Zhang a,b, Lei Li c, Xinming Wang a, Mei Li c, Guoying Sheng a,Jiamo Fu a,c, Zhen Zhou c
Biomass burning;Mixing state;Single particle;Nitrate;Sulfate;SPAMS;ATOFMS;Aerosol;PRD
Single particle aerosol mass spectrometer (SPAMS) was used to characterize the single particle size and chemical composition of submicron aerosols in the urban area of the Pearl River Delta region, China, for the period April 30 through May 22, 2010. A total of 696,465 particles were sized and chemically analyzed with both positive and negative ion spectra, in which 141,338 biomass burning particles were identified representing a significant source of submicron particles w20.3% by number. The results have revealed that biomass burning particles have experienced extensive atmospheric processing, finding that as much as 90.5% of the particles have internally mixed with secondary inorganic species. Biomass burning particles were clustered into six distinct particle groups, comprising of KeCa-rich, KeNa-rich, Keorganic carbon (KeOC), Keelemental carbon (KeEC), Kethe mixture of OC and EC (KeOCEC) and KeSecondary. KeOC was the largest contributor with a fraction of 22.9%, followed by KeSecondary type (21.4%) and KeOCEC (19.0%). KeNa-rich type was observed in 11.9% of the particles and 90% internally mixed with EC. The fraction of nitrate in biomass burning particles was 10% higher than in the non-biomass burning particles. The sodium and potassium in biomass burning particles could exhibit high affinity for nitrate gases during neutralization reactions, facilitating the particulate nitrate formation. Meanwhile, the particulate sulfate in particles in the droplet-mode size was also enhanced. The results added appreciably to the knowledge of aerosol characteristics in the PRD region atmosphere and could be applied to the climate models.